Window Handling in Selenium with Java


2 min read


In the realm of web automation with Selenium, dealing with multiple windows or tabs is a common scenario. This blog post aims to demystify the concept of window handling, focusing on the intricacies of managing child windows in Selenium using Java. We'll explore the need for window handling, understand how window handles work, and delve into effective techniques for handling child windows.

The Need for Window Handling:

Modern web applications often open new windows or tabs during user interactions, such as clicking a link or a button. Efficient window handling is crucial for automated testing to interact with elements in these new contexts without losing control over the primary window.

Understanding Window Handles:

In Selenium, a window handle is a unique identifier assigned to each browser window or tab. When a new window is opened, Selenium assigns a new handle to that window. To manage multiple windows, testers need to keep track of these handles.

Techniques for Window Handling in Selenium with Java:

1. Getting the Current Window Handle:

Use the getWindowHandle() method to retrieve the handle of the current window.

String mainWindowHandle = driver.getWindowHandle();

2. Getting All Window Handles:

Use the getWindowHandles() method to obtain a set of all window handles.

Set<String> allWindowHandles = driver.getWindowHandles();

3. Switching Between Windows:

Switching to a Specific Window:

String windowHandle = "handle_of_target_window";

Real World Scenario - Child Window Handling:

Consider a scenario where clicking a link opens a new window, and you want to interact with elements in that child window.

// Store the handle of the main window
String mainWindowHandle = driver.getWindowHandle();

// Click the button that opens the child window

// Get all window handles
Set<String> windowHandles = driver.getWindowHandles();

// Switch to the child window
for (String handle : windowHandles) {
    // Check if the title or any other identifier matches the child window
    if (driver.getTitle().equals("Child Window Title")) {

// Perform actions in the child window

// Switch back to the main window


Mastering window handling in Selenium with Java is essential for effectively navigating through modern web applications. Understanding window handles, switching between windows, and handling child windows empower testers to create robust and comprehensive test scripts. Whether dealing with pop-ups, new tabs, or windows, these window-handling techniques are indispensable for successful web automation. As you embark on your Selenium journey, harness the power of window handling to ensure seamless interaction with dynamic web elements. Happy testing! ๐ŸŒโœจ